Chapter 12 Overview:
Living Standards in a Changing World
Counterpoints 2nd edition: pages 386-421
Human Development Index standard of living literacy rate
GDP per capita NGOs infrastructure
developed countries newly industrializing countries developing countries
heavily indebted poor countries Millennium Development Goals mortality
malnutrition globalization multinational corporations
World Bank OECD IMF
megaprojects commodities SAPs
bilateral aid subsistence farming desertification
UNICEF under-five mortality rate ethnic cleansing
bonded labour subsidies WHO
malaria HIV/AIDS UNESCO
foreign aid official development assistance multilateral aid
tied aid CIDA
Written Response Focus Questions
1. What is the purpose of the Human Development Index? (Know the 3 indicators!)
2. What are the main differences between developed nations and developing or newly industrializing nations?
3. What are some of the challenges that come with attempting to measure living standards?
4. What difficulties are there in comparing poverty in Canada with poverty in developing countries?
5. Create a t-chart outlining the pros and cons of globalization.
6. How has the debt burden in developing countries prevented governments from looking after the basic needs of their people?
7. List the principal problems faced by Kenya as a result of the increasing population.
8. What two strategies would you suggest to help Kenya break out of the cycle of poverty?
9. Explain why women and children are more likely than men to face hardships in developing countries.
10. What is the relationship between female literacy and reduced birth rates?
11. Give three reasons why the literacy rate for women in developing countries is often lower than that for men.
12. Children are the most vulnerable people in underdeveloped nations. Describe the situation of children with respect to:
a. Under-Five Mortality Rate
c. Working Conditions
d. Bonded Labour
13. Why should people in the developed world be concerned about the health of people in the developing world?
14. List the types of aid Canada sends to developed countries.
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