Northern Virginia Community College
Ocean pollution is an accumulation of trash as well as chemicals that mostly originate from the land through different and has been washed or blown into the sea. Ocean pollution causes environmental health damage to all organisms as well as damage to structures around the world. Ocean waters span over 70 % of the Earth, and people have started understanding how humans affect this watery habitat only in recent decades. As distinct from other water pollution, ocean pollution focuses on products created by people entering the ocean. Prior to 1972, people split the waste, sewage sludges, chemical, industrial as well as radioactive waste into the sea recklessly. Million tons of heavy metals and chemical contaminants were deliberately thrown into the sea together with thousands of containers of radioactive waste.
The London Convention, ratified by the United States in the year 1975, is the first global agreement to define better marine protection. The convention implemented control measures that prevented hazardous materials from being disposed of on sea. In 2006 the latest agreement, the London Protocol, came into effect, particularly prohibiting all waste and material excluding a few items, such as dredging materials. Most of those materials sink to sea depths or even float far away from where they came from, where they are ingested and brought into the world food chain by small ocean organisms (Haward, 2018). In today’s world, ocean contamination is an
increasing problem. .Marine pollution encompasses several types of pollution, such as chemical, noise, plastic as well as light pollution, which disrupts the marine ecosystem.
This involves the introduction of harmful chemical substances into the ocean. Pesticides, herbicides, fertilizing agents, detergents, oil, industrial chemicals, and wastes are commonly manufactured pollutants that reach the ocean. This type of pollution is caused by the rush of chemical products into waterways flowing in the ocean, particularly when fertilizers are being used by humans in farms. The increase in chemical concentrations in the coastal ocean, such as nitrogen and phosphorus, encourages algal floral growth, which can be toxic and harmful for wildlife. The adverse environmental and health effects of algae blooming also affect the local fishing and tourism sector.
Light has spread around the world, reaching virtually every single ecosystem ever since the light bulb was invented. Often considered a land problem, scientists begin to understand the effects artificial light has on water organisms. Light enters underwater, creating an enormously different world for fish inhabiting shallow waters near the shores in the vicinity of urban areas. Light interferes with the normal signals of circadian rhythms, which are involved in species timing, reproduction, and feeding. Artificial light during the night can facilitate the finding of smaller fish by predators and can affect reef fish breeding.
Not every time pollution is visible. Sound waves can travel long distances in large bodies of water undisturbed. The rise in the number of deafening and persistent sounds by vessels and oil plants affects natural marine sounds in the ocean environment. Low visibility and wide distances Non-visual submarine communication is essential for many marine mammals, such as whales and dolphins. Whale’s utilize echolocation sounds to reflect the surface in order to see in the sea. Noises that are not natural disrupts the communication of a large number of marine animals by interrupting migration, communication as well as reproduction.
Marine trash includes all products manufactured, mostly plastic products that end in the sea. The piling up of this trash, 80 per cent coming from land, is due to littering, winds and bad waste management (Howard, 2019). Usual types of sea debris involve numerous plastic items like butts of cigarettes, cans, carrier bags, as well as fishing gear, involving shopping bags and drinking bottles. Plastic waste is especially problematic as it is very durable. The decomposition of plastic products can take quite a number of years.
This waste poses both humans as well as animal hazards. Fish get injured in the waste, and some fish can mistake and eat the items as food, such as carrying bags (Lau & Baulch, 2020). Small organisms use small bits of broken-down, microplastic plastic to feed and ingest chemicals into their tissues from the plastic. Microplastics with a diameter of less than 5 mm are discovered in a variety of ocean species, such as whales and also plankton (Reddy, 2020). When larger animals eat tiny organisms that consume plastics, the dangerous materials become part of their cells and tissues. This allows plastic pollution to migrate into the alimentary chain and finally into the food that is eaten by humans. Sea mining
Mining in the sea is a new process of extraction of minerals under the bottom of the sea.
Sea mining sites are generally located around large places of polymetallic nodules or at approximately 3,000 to 6,500 meters below sea level with active and extinct hydrothermal vents (Ackerman, 2020). The vents create deposits of sulfides that contain valuable metals like gold, manganese, cobalt as well as zinc. The deposits are mined by the use of hydraulic pumps or bucket systems that transport ore to the surface to be processed. Deep marine mining, like all mining activities, raises questions concerning possible environmental damage for the surrounding areas. Due to the relatively new field of deep-sea mining, the entire consequences of large-scale mining are not known. Scientists are, however, sure that removing parts of the sea will lead to benthic layer disturbances, increased water column toxicity and sedimentary plums from tailings. Removal of parts of the seafloor affects benthic organisms’ habitats, potentially causing perceptual disturbances in regard to the type and location of mining. In addition to direct mining impacts, leaks spill, as well as corrosion can alter the chemical composition of the mining area.
The effects of sea mining are believed to have a huge effect on sediment plumes. Plumes are made up when the mining tailings are dumped back into the ocean, and a cloud of elements floating in the ocean water is created. There are two types of plumes: the near-floor plumes and the surface plumes. When the tailings are pumped back into the mining site, near-bottom plumes are produced. The floating elements increase water turbidity and cloudiness by obstructing the filter-feeding utilized by benthic organisms. Surface plumes can cause a more severe problem. The plumes could spread across vast areas depending on the size of elements as well as water currents. Zooplankton and light penetration could be affected by the plumes, which would also affect the food web.
This can be done by creating and constructing sustainable wastewater systems for people who do not have access to controlled waste disposal facilities. Untreated wastewater contains various pollutants, such as pathogens and chemical substances (Rhodes, 2018). It can pose serious health hazards to humans and sea animals.
These include the ban on tough-to-manage substances such as expanded polystyrene, the restriction of the use of chemicals of concern such as phthalates and materials support research. Creating new materials that retain but not with plastic characteristics, such as genuine biodegradables, would avoid plastic-causing hazards if they enter the sea (Hollaway et al., 2020).
Recovery and recycling waste materials in the formal and informal sectors, through the implementation of extended legislation on production responsibility, incentives for waste management and recycling, the strengthening of recycled plastics markets, and the implementation of Fishing for litter programs (McDermott, 2016).
By, for instance, restricting open sea aquaculture. Switching to sustainable land-based aquaculture systems may reduce the number of coastal aquaculture pollutants, including plastic pollution resulting from lost and disposed of equipment as well as a high level of nitrogen as well as phosphorus waste untreated. The promotion of participation in Adopt-a-Beach programs and clean beach certificates such as Blue Flag and Project Aware can cut back the litter on beaches and increase awareness of pollution (Hollaway et al., 2020).
The necessary global determination to tackle the problems effectively can be inadequate without sufficient awareness of ocean pollution. Balanced information on ocean pollution sources and impacts needs to be made part of the awareness, and continuing research is needed in order to fully identify the scope of issues and keep them up-to-date. The awareness of ocean pollution is crucial to preventing waste from entering river systems and ending up in the oceans (Löhr et al., 2017). For example, one of the reasons the Chinese lack environmental concern is due to inadequate public awareness; therefore, they should be targeted.
Ackerman, D. (2020). Deep-Sea Mining: How to Balance Need for Metals with Ecological
Impacts. Scientific American. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/deep-sea-mining-how-to-balance-need-for
Haward, M. (2018). Plastic pollution of the world’s seas and oceans as a contemporary challenge in ocean governance. Nature Communications, 9(1).
Hollaway, L., Jambeck, J., Moss, E., & Dubey, B. (2020). How to Reduce Plastic and Other
Ocean Pollution Simultaneously. Www.wri.org.
Howard, J. (2019, August 2). Marine pollution facts and information. Environment.
Lau, W., & Baulch, S. (2020, May 18). Ocean Plastic Pollution—and Solutions to This
Problem—Can Come in Many Forms. Pew.org.
Löhr, A., Savelli, H., Beunen, R., Kalz, M., Ragas, A., & Van Belleghem, F. (2017).
Solutions for global marine litter pollution. Current Opinion in Environmental
Sustainability, 28, 90–99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2017.08.009
McDermott, A. (2016). Solutions for Ocean Pollution. LoveToKnow; LoveToKnow Corp. https://greenliving.lovetoknow.com/Solutions_for_Ocean_Pollution
Reddy, S. (2020). Solving Ocean Plastic Pollution Won’t Be Easy, but We Have No Choice. Pew.org. https://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/articles/2020/10/02/solving-ocea n-plastic-pollution-wont-be-easy-but-we-have-no-choice
Rhodes, C. J. (2018). Plastic Pollution and Potential Solutions. Science Progress, 101(3),
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.
You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.Read more
Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.Read more
Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.Read more
Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.Read more
By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.Read more