Hog Farms and The People’s
The Beginning of Municipal Solid Waste Management
As urban and suburban communities expanded so did municipal waste collection businesses.
Food wastes, were traditionally seen as supplemental animal feed. Some farms began to raise
hogs (and sometimes chickens) using food wastes as the primary feed source. These farmers
purchased food wastes (slop) from municipalities who in turn collected food scraps separately
form other solid wastes. Many restaurants themselves operated hog farms using scraps from
the restaurant as feed.
Ultimately, the City itself took over a hog ranch located in Tecolote Canyon. As the size of
these hog farms grew, nuisances associated with odors and pests became a concern. Diseases,
especially trichinosis, resulted form hog/rodent interaction.
Long after automobiles were common, trash was hauled using horses and wagons. Typically,
trash hauling was only done in urban areas where higher density made individual waste
Beginning in 1908, the City entered into a ten-year contract to pick-up waste from residents
and businesses. Food waste was separated by residents and sold for hog feed. At the time,
collection costs were considered high and many residents complained.
Beginning in 1912, the San Diego Rubbish Company was hired for collection and operation
of what was called the â€œTidelands Dumpâ€ which was located in an estuary near in what is
now Mission Bay. Waste was placed directly into the tidelands and a wire fence was used
to control discharge of solids into the bay due to tidal action.
Many residents refused to pay and instead dumped waste into open spaces and vacant lots as
they had in the past. In addition, restaurants began hauling waste directly to hog farms to
avoid the collection fees.
In 1917, disputes about costs led to the City passing an ordinance to limiting the cost to $.050
cents per ton. The Federation of Womenâ€™s Clubs and the Hotel and Restaurant Men joined
forces asking that the City manage waste collection and disposal. In addition, the City
enacted an ordinance prohibiting non-permitted haulers from selling garbage to hog
For many, this was the last straw and felt that the City had overreached when they
prohibited private citizens from selling or transporting their own waste. Restaurant owners
in particular openly defied the City and refused to pay for garbage pickup when previously
some had been paid for their table scraps.
With the advent of vehicle transportation and increased density in farming, community
wastes were sometimes carried to common areas along roads and dumped into canyons.
These sites were usually on publicly owned land and were selected because of their
convenience and distance from homes. The waste was unmanaged and often attracted birds
and animals foraging for food.
Ocean and Bay Dumping
Throughout the Great Depression the City continued to haul waste both to sea and to the
Tidelands dump. However, during the depression the price of pork fell along with other
recyclables and no longer off-set disposal costs. As before, the City continued to dump waste
in the bay and at sea. The City also operated the Tideland dump well into the 1950â€™s.
1919 People’s Ordinance
Many residents, as well as restaurants, believed that solid waste management should be a
public responsibility of government. It was viewed differently than water, and later on,
electricity which residents expected to pay for. An ordinance was created and adopted that
impacts solid waste management in San Diego even today. It was called the 1919 People’s
Ordinance. It was viewed as a socialist idea which was viewed differently in 1919 perhaps
than it is today.
In 1919, during WW1 the Chairman of the Commercial War League combined with the
Hotel and Restaurant Men in closed session of the City Council. They backed the ballet
initiative named â€œPeopleâ€™s Ordinanceâ€ for free refuse collection.
In part it read:
â€œIt shall be the duty of the Manager of Operations of the City of San Diego to gather, collect,
and dispose of all city refuseâ€¦ and it shall be the duty of the Common Council of said City to
levy and collect a sufficient tax each year for the purpose of paying the cost of the collection
and disposal of said city refuse.â€
The Peopleâ€™s Ordinance did not give specifics, but it did approve $12,500 to purchase hogs
and other necessary equipment and required waste haulers to have permits and waste
generators to separate garbage from refuse. At the time, the Peopleâ€™s Ordinance placed an
estimated $76,000 liability on the City.
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.
You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.Read more
Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.Read more
Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.Read more
Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.Read more
By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.Read more